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As a biologist I noticed that there are few resources that teach programming or linux commands from the biologists view. Here, I try to summarize the basic linux commands needed to navigate the linux folder structure, getting help and other basic tasks. This information given below will be just enough for survival. For detailed learning you may refer to other sources available on internet.

Basic linux tasks and related command for survival (commands are writtien in brackets):
1. Getting help on any command (man)
2. Creating directories (mkdir)
3. Changing directories (cd)
4. Removing file/s or directory (rm)
5. Copying file/s or directory (cp)
6. Move the location of file/s or directory (mv)
7. Rename a file or list of file/s (rename)